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What is Psychoanalysis according to Sigmund Freud | What is Psychoanalysis

In this article we will discuss that what is psychoanalysis according to Sigmund Freud. Psychoanalysis, a field pioneered by Sigmund Freud, offers a profound exploration of the human mind. 

A general introduction to psychoanalysis unveils the intricate layers of the subconscious, delving into the complexities of human behavior and emotions.

Psychoanalysis according to Freud refers to the treatment method of mental illness. Its followers still use it with some modifications. Freud is a key figure in this discipline. 

He laid the foundation for understanding the unconscious mind and its influence on our thoughts and actions. 

In an introduction to psychoanalysis, Freud's theories become a gateway to comprehending the hidden motivations that shape our lives. 

Exploring Freud's perspective in a general introduction to psychoanalysis provides a captivating journey into the realms of the psyche.

Psychoanalysis is an enlightening method of self-awareness. In this, the patient is helped to look inside himself and know his true identity. 

Psychoanalysis extracts repressed experiences, desires, conflicts, the tension of unfulfilled aspirations, embarrassing and distressing thoughts, bringing them to the forefront of conscious awareness. 

This process helps alleviate the patient's fear, anxiety, and unease. By becoming aware of reality, the patient is stimulated to cope with environmental challenges. 


Psychoanalysis Definition Freud

Definition of Psychoanalysis in Literature | Definition for Psychoanalysis | What is Psychoanalysis Definition?

The main goal of psychoanalysis is to explore and understand the unconscious mind. The primary goal of psychoanalysis is to uncover hidden thoughts and emotions.

In his book Abnormal Psychology, James D. Page has described three meanings of psychoanalysis. 

  1. Firstly, it is a school of thought that emphasizes the psychological aspects of human behavior. It gives great importance to the events of childhood in building the personality of the individual.
  2. The second aspect of psychoanalysis is; its a specific method that brings unconscious activities into discussion.  It focuses on unraveling the subconscious through various techniques.
  3. Thirdly, it serves as a method for treating mental disorders, particularly minor mental illnesses. 

In Freud's method of psychoanalysis, unconscious entanglements and unsatisfied childhood and sexual experiences are brought into consciousness through optional and dream interpretation.

This approach successfully addresses issues like insomnia, chronic headaches, obsessive-compulsive tendencies, melancholia, psychological paralysis, hysteria, and other neurological disorders.

In their book Psychology 1991, Botzin et al define psychoanalysis as follows:

A treatment that focuses on the inter-kinetic elements of the unconscious and the conscious.

Zimbardo and Greg (1996) write that; psychoanalysis is a powerful and long-term therapeutic method. 

In this approach, attention is directed towards the unconscious motivations and conflicts of an emotionally troubled individual. 

These unconscious motivations and conflicts are often related to repressed, unacceptable, and unresolved desires from childhood.

Classical Psychoanalysis Definition

Classical psychoanalysis refers to the original theoretical and therapeutic framework developed by Sigmund Freud, the founder of psychoanalysis. 

Freud's classical psychoanalytic approach emerged in the late 19th and early 20th centuries and laid the foundation for the field of psychoanalysis. 

Classical psychoanalysis employs techniques such as free association, dream analysis, and transference to explore and interpret the unconscious aspects of the psyche.

Freud's structural model of the mind, comprising the id, ego, and superego, is a fundamental component of classical psychoanalysis.

Lacanian Psychoanalysis Definition

Lacanian psychoanalysis, founded by French psychoanalyst Jacques Lacan. It is a theoretical and clinical approach that builds upon Sigmund Freud's psychoanalytic ideas. 

Lacanian psychoanalysis places a strong emphasis on language, symbolic structures, and the concept of the unconscious. 

One key aspect in Lacanian psychoanalysis is the "mirror stage". It explores how individuals develop a sense of identity through their reflections in a mirror. 

Lacanian theory also introduces the idea of the "Real," the unattainable and unrepresentative aspect of reality, and the "Symbolic," the realm of language and cultural symbols. 

Lacanian psychoanalysis often involves the examination of linguistic patterns, symbols, and the ways in which individuals construct meaning in their lives. 

The approach is influential in both clinical psychoanalysis and cultural theory.

Relational Psychoanalysis Definition

Relational psychoanalysis is a contemporary psychoanalytic approach that places a central focus on the dynamics of interpersonal relationships. 

It emphasized the significance of the therapeutic relationship between the analyst and the patient. 

Relational psychoanalysis underscores the importance of social and cultural contexts in shaping individual experiences.

In relational psychoanalysis, the therapeutic relationship is seen as a crucial instrument for exploring and understanding the patient's internal world. 

It acknowledges the impact of past and present relationships on an individual's psychological development. 

This approach also considers the influence of power dynamics, social factors, and cultural background. Overall, relational psychoanalysis provides a framework for exploring the therapeutic process.


Psychoanalysis Art

Psychoanalysis and art intersect in a fascinating exploration of the subconscious. Freud, a pioneer in psychoanalysis, delved into the depths of the mind, inspiring the psychoanalysis of art

Freud's theories on the unconscious mind provide a lens. By psychoanalysis we can decipher the symbolism embedded in artworks, fostering a deeper understanding of the artist's psyche. 

The marriage of psychoanalysis and art enriches our appreciation.

Psychoanalysis of Movies

Psychoanalysis of movies involves delving into the subconscious layers of cinematic narratives. Psychoanalysis movies seek to uncover hidden meanings and symbols embedded in the film's storytelling. 

The primary goal of psychoanalysis of movies is to explore the psychological nuances portrayed on the screen. 

Through a careful examination of characters and plot dynamics, psychoanalysis movies aim to reveal deeper insights into human behavior and emotions. 

In essence, the psychoanalysis of movies contributes to a better understanding of the psychological elements woven into the fabric of cinematic storytelling.

History of Psychoanalysis

Psychoanalysis is the most important and famous therapeutic approach of the 20th century. This method is still widely used in the United States today. The pioneer founder of this approach is Sigmund Freud.

However, looking back into the past, it was Plato who first mentioned psychoanalysis through dream analysis. 

During the Middle Ages, Ibn Sina (Avicenna) practiced psychotherapy through free association. He said, that by bringing the subconscious mind into the conscious mind could heal the patient.

Afterward, many other experts also mentioned psychoanalysis. But among the founders of psychoanalysis, the name of Mesmer (1778) is highlighted. 

After Mesmer (1778), those who laid the foundation for psychoanalysis include Josef Breuer (1880). In this context, Joseph Jastrow writes that; the building constructed by Freud, the foundation was laid by Josef Breuer himself.

Subsequently, the Jean-Martin Charcot (1825-1893) and Nancy schools in France played a significant role in the development of psychoanalysis. However, Freud is recognized as the supreme leader of psychoanalysis.

Freud initially received training in hypnosis at the Nancy School under Jean-Martin Charcot (1825-1893). In the beginning, Freud used hypnosis for the treatment of psychological illnesses

The technique of hypnosis was initiated by Mesmer (1778). Mesmer believed that there is a kind of magnetic material in the world, which maintains balance in the human body. Disruption of this balance leads to mental illness in humans.

A person with a high magnetic content can help a person with a low magnetic content to recover by taking them into a sate of trance.  

During hypnosis, the mind of the patient is under the control of the therapist/ physician. The patient accepts everything the doctor says without hesitation and resistance. So The patient follows the therapist's instructions.

Through hypnosis, many operations were performed in hospitals without making patient's surgery and feeling any discomfort or pain. Neurological disorders such as hysteria, anxiety, and fear were addressed using hypnosis. 

However, later research revealed that the symptoms induced by the hypnotherapist disappear temporarily and may reappear in other parts of the body after some time.

Neuroscience and Psychoanalysis Bessel van der Kolk

Bessel van der Kolk is a prominent figure known for his work at the intersection of neuroscience and psychoanalysis. He is a psychiatrist and researcher. 

He has contributed significantly to the understanding of trauma and its effects on the brain

His work often integrates insights from both neuroscience and psychoanalysis. He provided a comprehensive understanding of mental health, particularly in the context of trauma-related disorders.

Psychoanalysis Case Study

Psychoanalysis case study - As in the case of hysteria, blindness in one eye can be cured through hypnotic suggestion, but after a few days, the patient complains that they cannot see with the other eye.

Furthermore, Freud noticed during hypnosis that patients with very strong willpower were not affected by hypnosis. Therefore, Freud was in search of a more effective therapeutic method than hypnosis.

Freud studied under Charcot in France, spending two years at the Nancy School to learn hypnosis.



During this time, Freud's friend and physician, Breuer, informed him:

A melancholic/ hysteria patient came to him, who had been treated by the great doctors of Europe. I also treated him, but to no avail. 

But one day he said, Doctor! Listen to my story about my problems and how they started. I am sure that after speaking from my heart, I will get better."

She kept telling me freely about her condition for an hour, and then left by saying that she is feeling better now. The patient poured out her heart, and said each and every difficult thing of life. Thus she continued to narrate her story for an hour every day for several days.

With the passage of time, her condition improved significantly. Ultimately, she recovered by narrating her story.

Freud pondered over this incident and accorded it great significance. He wrote about it in his book "Collected Essays," stating that this discovery was momentous for them.

When we were able to recall the exciting memory, the associated excitement would also be awakened. When the patient described the difficult event in detail, the symptoms of melancholia disappeared. And it never happened again.

Brier's revelation opened up new avenues for Freud, and he and Brier invented the method of catharsis

In this method, the patient freely tells his distressing experiences and story of grief. This cools the patient's liver, and he feels sense of relief. While Breuer did not extensively use this method, but Freud continued his research. 

So Freud invented the method of psychoanalysis to use catharsis in a more scientific way. Furthermore, in 1894, Freud, in counsel with Breuer, developed a new method combining talk therapy (Talking Cure) with Charcot's method of hypnosis.

Freud and Breuer published the results of their research in their book "On Mechanism of Hysterical Symptoms 1894".

Psychoanalysis Couch

What is Psychoanalysis Couch?

The psychoanalysis couch stands as an iconic symbol of introspection and self-discovery. The psychoanalysis couch invites individuals to comfortably recline and explore the recesses of their minds.

The couch psychoanalysis signifies a therapeutic method that employs this distinctive furniture piece as a catalyst for delving into one's subconscious. The psychoanalysis couch becomes a silent witness to the unfolding narratives of the human psyche. 

The psychoanalysis couch plays a significant role in the therapeutic process, providing a comfortable setting that encourages relaxation and facilitates open expression.

Both the psychoanalysis couch and the practice of couch psychoanalysis contribute to the unique and enduring traditions of psychoanalytic therapy.

Online Psychoanalysis

What is Online Psychoanalysis?

Online psychoanalysis refers to the practice of conducting psychoanalytic sessions through digital platforms.  

The main goal of online psychoanalysis is to provide therapeutic support and insight into the individual's psyche using internet-based communication tools. 

Through virtual sessions and secure online platforms, online psychoanalysis aims to maintain the principles of traditional psychoanalysis while adapting to the evolving landscape of modern technology.

The primary goal of online psychoanalysis is to make psychoanalytic therapy more accessible to a wider audience.



Cincinnati Center for Psychotherapy and Psychoanalysis

The Cincinnati Center for Psychotherapy and Psychoanalysis is likely a mental health organization or institute based in Cincinnati. It specialized in offering psychotherapy and psychoanalytic services. 

Such centers typically provide counseling, therapy, and training in psychoanalytic approaches to individuals. Who are seeking mental health support or professionals looking to enhance their skills in psychoanalysis.

Psychoanalysis Questions

Who is Pioneer in Psychoanalysis Crossword?

Sigmund Freud is considered a pioneer in psychoanalysis crossword. His name is commonly associated with the development of this psychological approach.

What is psychoanalysis brainly?

Psychoanalysis is a psychological therapy and theory developed by Sigmund Freud. Its focused on exploring the unconscious mind, and understanding the impact of early childhood experiences. 

Its also identify hidden psychological conflicts to promote mental health and self-awareness.

What is psychoanalysis tagalog?

Psychoanalysis, when translated to Tagalog, is often referred to as "psykoanalisis."

What is psychoanalysis in art?

Psychoanalysis in art involves exploring the subconscious elements of creative expression, aiming to uncover hidden meanings and symbolic representations within artistic works.

What is the patient called in psychoanalysis therapy?

In psychoanalysis therapy, the patient is commonly called "Client."

Psychoanalysis Therapy Complete

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