## Statistical Method in Psychology | Psychology Statistical Methods | What is Statistical Method in Psychology

### Introduction to Statistics in Psychology

The statistical method is very important in modern sciences. More obvious conclusions can be drawn from the observations by Statistical Method.

### Use of Statistics in Psychology

Modern psychology claims that it is not a branch of hypothetical philosophy but a purely experimental branch of the physical sciences. It is therefore imperative that its principles, laws and ideas be articulated quantitatively and objectively.

That is why in modern times the facts of psychology are explained with the help of statistical principles and laws. That way, there is no confusion. It also saves time and effort. In this regard the efforts of experts have also been quite successful.

### Definition of Statistical Method in Psychology | Psychology Statistical Methods | What is Statistical Method in Psychology

The term statistics is derived from the Latin word status. It has become one of the most important sciences. It is defined as:

Statistics refers to the collection of material, grouping, tabulation, analyze and draw conclusions.

Different experiments are done in psychology. Statistical methods are used to quantify them. The data collected in this way is called raw data. Raw Data has two types.

- Primary Data
- Secondary Data

#### Primary Data in Psychology Statistical Methods

Primary data is called raw data. Because the statistics contained in it are present in the form in which it is collected. raw Data is not organized.

For example, when an examiner examines a student's paper, he gives each one a score according to his ability. In this way, there is no order in the numbers of the pamphlets.

If the numbers are arranged in this way, they will be called primary data.

#### Secondary Data in Psychology Statistical Methods

Secondary data refers to statistics that are organized and compiled for a specific purpose according to the statistical principle or formula. There are two types of secondary data:

- Descending Order
- Ascending Order

- The largest number comes first and the smallest number last.
- The smallest number comes first and the largest number last.

### Table of Statistical Method in Psychology

In order to draw clear and meaningful conclusions from the data, it is necessary to compile them in a specific way. When data is written in columns and rows, it is called a table.

### Graph of Statistical Method in Psychology

Graphs are made with the help of tables. Which makes the data meaningful. Average, median, repetition, deviation and ratio are important in the statistical method.

### Advantages of Statistical Method in Psychology | Psychology Statistical Methods | What is Statistical Method in Psychology

- Like other sciences, psychology has the following advantages of the statistical method:
- With the help of this knowledge any principle, theory, observation and result can be described in mathematical terms.
- Statistics has enabled us to express the results of research in a meaningful way and in very straightforward terms.
- In the light of its principles, past results can be a beacon for the future. And the results can be predicted.
- Through this knowledge, the relationship of various facts or objects which are incomplete, can also be clarified.
- Statistical results are solid and accurate. And at a glance the whole facts can be examined.
- The scope of the statistical method is very wide.
- Management can be made more efficient, because the management has to take some steps keeping in view the statistics.
- According to these principles Banks, insurance companies and other financial institutions calculate their facts.
- With the help of statistics, past information and memory of capital is preserved.
- Complex and difficult problems can be easily solved by comparative study.

### Disadvantages of Statistical Method in Psychology | Psychology Statistical Methods | What is Statistical Method in Psychology

- The biggest problem with the statistical method is that it can only be used by a statistician. Psychologists need to know statistical principles well, so that they can use them correctly.
- Second, in this method only external factors are taken into account, and internal factors are ignored.
- Quality is not given importance in statistics, but the study of facts is done only quantitatively.
- Despite these shortcomings, no knowledge in the present age can find its place in the ranks of modern sciences unless its principles, ideas, trends and laws are described in a statistical manner. Because only through statistics the results can obtained from experiments and observations quantitatively and comparatively.
- Statistics have helped a lot in making psychology a science. Because the use of statistical methods has made psychological studies more objective, positive and neutral. And the content and results of the psychological investigation are not scattered, but their record is preserved by statistical methods, and the accuracy and reliability of this record is checked whenever possible.

### Frequently Asked Questions FAQs

#### What are statistical methods?

Statistics method refers to the collection of material, grouping, tabulation, analyze and draw conclusions.

#### What are the 4 statistical methods?

- Descriptive methods.
- Parametric inferential methods.
- Non-Parametric inferential methods.
- Predictive methods.

#### What are the 5 basic methods of statistical analysis?

- Observation method (Internal & External)
- Experimental method
- Case study method
- Survey method
- Field study method
- Life history method

#### How many types of statistical methods are there?

There are two statistical methods; Descriptive & Inferential.

#### What is the best research method in psychology?

Survey is the most popular and best research method in psychology.

#### What are psychological methods?

Psychological Methods (R) is devoted to the development and dissemination of methods for collecting, analyzing, understanding and interpreting the psychological data. (American Psychological Association).

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