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The Clinical Method in Psychology | Clinical Method in Educational Psychology

In this article we will discuss complete clinical method in psychology | clinical interview method in psychology. This clinical method goes from the extreme to the beginning. It is also called the therapeutic method.

There are so many types of issues/problems in daily life. People consider these issues a part of their lives and spend their lives in confusion. 

But in today's world, all kinds of problems are considered important and they are tried to be solved instead of confusing them further.


Social Issues | Impact on Mental Health

Nowadays, there are a lot of problems in the society. Some people like to be picky, some people like individuality, some people like to be proactive and some people like to be progressive.

When, without hard work and effort, everyone wants to have their own respondent, nothing will come of it except frustration and failure

These are all signs of mental retardation, which causes problems for society and mental illness for the individual.

Gender Dynamics

Young girls' obsession with freedom, running away from domestic responsibilities and claiming equality with men is poisoning the society. However, the fields of men and women are different. 

These stigmas can be reduced, if both sexes perform their duties and responsibilities in their respective spheres in a cheerful manner.

Youth and Behavioral Trends

Today's youth is involved in terrorism, robbery, and other such incidents. He considers it his perfection to reach the level of bestiality. He is addicted to drugs, these actions make him unique.

In his dictionary, the words love, affection, kindness, sacrifice, sympathy and compassion etc., seem meaningless and useless. They want immediate fulfillment of their desires. That is why today the problems of the society are disintegrating instead of being solved.

Global Perspective

These issues are not related to any one nation or country but encompass the whole world. Man is progressing rapidly, with the same rapidity he is going astray. 

It is difficult, but not impossible, to bring these drowning people back to the right path.

Psychologists think of new methods of research and investigation on a daily basis in finding and resolving people's inner turmoil.

In developed countries, even the smallest problem is seriously sought after. Even in developing countries, these psychological problems are now becoming very important.

Role of Clinical Psychology

Clinical psychology involves a comprehensive exploration and practical application of psychological principles. Its primary aims are to comprehend, prevent, and alleviate psychological distress and dysfunction and personal development.

In the first half of the 20th century, clinical psychology was focused on psychological assessment, with little attention given to treatment. This changed after the 1940s when World War II resulted in the need for a large increase in the number of trained clinicians. 

Since that time, two main educational models have developed the Ph.D., science-practitioner model (focusing on research) and the Psy. D., practitioner-scholar model (focusing on clinical practice). 

Clinical psychologists are now considered experts in providing psychotherapy, and generally train within four primary theoretical orientations; Psycho-dynamic, Humanistic, Cognitive Behavioral, and Systems or Family therapy. 

Distinguishing Clinical Psychology from Psychiatry

Clinical psychology may be confused with psychiatry, which generally has similar goals (e.g. the alleviation of mental distress). But in unique is that psychiatrists are physicians with medical degrees. As such, they tend to focus on medication-based solutions, although some also provide psycho-therapeutic services as well. 


Clinical Method in Medical Clinics

This clinical method is used in medical clinics to get complete information about different diseases. Teamwork is done in medical clinics, in which the following specialists work to make effective use of the therapeutic method.


He is a physician and psychiatrist. A diploma in psychiatry is obtained after obtaining a medical degree. It gathers information from the patient and his family about important events and situations in the patient's life.

Also children have some problems, such as the child stealing even though the parents meet all his needs. The child lies, runs away from school, adopts unreasonable stubbornness, commits aggression, stutters and has severe headaches during school hours.

In such cases, the parents are contacted to see if the child is being affected by the parents' quarrels. The child is not stuck in bad company, or domestic issues are affecting him. The reasons for his poor health and lack of balanced diet, or he has a bad environment. 

In addition to the parents, the child's teachers and friends are also contacted. So that wherever information can be found, help can be sought from them.

Now we come to the part where we talk about the middle ground. For example, if the wife is ill, all the information is sought directly from her. In addition, information from her husband, children, siblings, etc., is also obtained separately by questionnaires and interviews. 

In this way, after getting all the information, an attempt is made to reach a final conclusion.

Thus, if the husband is ill, all the information about him is obtained from the wife, children, siblings, relatives and circle of friends, which are useful in solving the problem. Because usually the patient does not tell the correct facts about himself, or in some cases can not able to tell.

In the same way, sometimes relatives feel ashamed to admit the shortcomings of their responsibilities, so they do not tell the truth about the patient.

The physician examines the patients who come to the clinic. He examines their physical and mental health thoroughly. The patient is given various sedatives. These are given according to the nature of the disease. 

The therapist tries to find out the real facts somehow. After finding the root cause of the disease, he tries to treat it accordingly.


He diagnoses the patient's mental illness through psychological tests. In addition, the personality, desires, interests and abilities of the individual are also examined.

Through rigorous scientific inquiry, clinical psychologists strive to enhance our understanding of the human mind and contribute to the betterment of individuals' mental health.

It sometimes takes a long time for the psychologist to gain the patient's trust, and when mutual trust is established, the patient begins to feel free to tell the psychologist about his or her problems and various mental conditions. 

The patient thinks that he is sympathetic and sad, while the common people listen to the patient once or twice. But later they find this repetition to be the patient's stupid conversation. Only the patient's close relatives and physicians sympathize with him, and wish him all the best.


Various psychological tests are given to accurately diagnose the problem. These tests brings out the different aspects of the individual's personality. Similarly these tests provide a complete record of an individual's intelligence, abilities, tendencies, and various emotional states. 

So that the disease can be diagnosed not only on the basis of assumptions, but also in the light of solid facts.

Social Worker

The social worker collects information about the patient not only from his family members. He also seeks out information from the neighborhood, close relatives, workplace colleagues. Wherever he can find information about his economic, social, and other personal circumstances. 

So that the nature of the problem becomes clear.

Today, specialists obtain all kinds of information about the patient, and then try to change the character of the individual in their light, in order to create a healthy fit in the patient. 

Communication between the patient and the physician facilitates treatment. When complete information about the patient is gathered, all the experts discuss it together. And in the light of this discussion, they suggest the diagnosis and treatment of the patient's disease.

What are the advantages and disadvantages of clinical method in psychology?

There is a list of some advantages and disadvantages: 

Advantages of Clinical Method in Psychology

  • Individualized Approach
  • In-Depth Exploration
  • Holistic Perspective
  • Flexibility
  • Therapeutic Alliance

Disadvantages of Clinical Method in Psychology

  • Subjectivity
  • Limited Generalization
  • Time-Consuming
  • Costly
  • Reliance on Self-Report

Frequently Asked Questions | FAQs

What is the clinical method in psychology? | What is a clinical method?

Define clinical method in psychology - When a person goes to a psychiatrist for treatment of a mental disorder. The psychiatrist examines the patient's past condition to find out the cause of the disease, in order to find out the cause of his illness.

This shows that this clinical method is used in medical clinics to get complete information about various diseases

This method is called clinical method/ clinical psychology method/ clinical method in psychology/ clinical method of research.

Who invented clinical method in psychology? | Who invented clinical psychology?

In many countries clinical psychology is a regulated mental health profession. The field is often considered to have begun in 1896 with the opening of the first psychological clinic at the University of Pennsylvania by Lightener Witmer.

Who is the father of clinical psychology? | Who is the father of clinical method in psychology?

The father of clinical psychology/ clinical method in psychology is Lightener Witmer.

What is the main focus of clinical psychology?

Central to its practice are psychological assessment and psychotherapy, although clinical psychologists also engage in research, teaching, consultation, forensic testimony, and program development and administration.

What does a clinical psychologist do?

In practice, clinical psychologists often work in multidisciplinary teams with other professionals. 

Such as psychiatrists, occupational therapists, social workers, and licensed counselors to bring a multi-modal approach to complex patient problems.

Different Fields of Psychology



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